Floating LNG terminals, in terms of safety and the number of adverse security incidents, from the first day of the first floating LNG terminal operation until now, when there are now more than 20 active FSRU vessels, have not had a single incident. FSRU vessels as floating LNG terminals are used in the United States, Lithuania, Italy, United Kingdom, Malta, Turkey, Argentina, Brazil, Israel, China and other countries.
Also, no accidents have been reported on LNG carriers with a cargo with a fleet of 572 LNG carriers from the very beginning of LNG transport, which is over 60 years.
Each FSRU vessel meets all the requirements that any vessel in international navigation must satisfy, those prescribed by the SOLAS Convention and other international conventions accepted under the International Maritime Organization (IMO).
The FSRU vessel, as well as LNG carriers, must also comply with all safety requirements prescribed by the classification society of ships and by the States under which flag it sails.
Safety measures prescribe the construction of FSRU vessels and LNG carriers according to strictly established international standards, construction in licensed shipyards with construction protocols prescribed by international standards, technical solutions for double hull construction and vessel tanks made of materials resistant to cryogenic temperatures, the use of airtight pipelines and atmospheric control in areas close to the cargo, installation of primary and secondary insulation of the storage area, identification of hazardous areas where special electrical equipment is installed, and removal of all flammable sources from areas where regasified LNG or boil-off gas may come into contact. FSRU vessels and LNG carriers are also equipped with sophisticated leak detection technology, advanced radar equipment and a precise positioning system for berthing and mooring.
The navigation conditions of the FSRU vessel and LNG carriers approaching to the LNG terminal, the mooring at the LNG terminal, the safety conditions arising from the meteorological-maritime conditions of the site, as well as the waterway by which they approach the LNG terminal, were covered by a Maritime Study approved by the Harbor Master’s Office Rijeka.